38 Spirituality Studies 9-1 Spring 2023  “Gross” or sthula mala relates to one’s actions (Sa. karma-mala) that imprints the fruits of pleasure and pain into one’s energy system. Mayiya-mala is the contamination of the subtle sense of avidya, which creates distinction in one’s mind. When one, for example, says that this house is mine and this car is yours. The finest mala is the anava-mala, which is one’s specific contamination, when one is unable to maintain the nearest state to Siva, which one has already achieved (Abhinavagupta 2017).  Niyati – “limitation of space”; Kala – “limitation of time”; Raga – “limitation of attachment”; Vidya – “limitation of knowledge”; Kala – “limitation of action, creativity”; Maya – “illusion of individual consciousness”.  A shell code is a short sequence of low-level instructions to spawn a shell that allows for adversaries to run arbitrary commands on behalf of the exploited process on a target system.  It can be considered as the ROP shell code comprising memory addresses to be dereferenced.  “Śiva has two states of mind. First, the state of samādhi, when He is transfixed in the Great Yoga. He is then Ātmārāma, satisfied in the Self. Second, the state when He descends from samādhi and keeps a trace of ego. Then He dances about, chanting, ‘Rāma, Rāma!’” (Gupta 1942, 382).  Ascent and descent can also be paraphrased by the following interpretation from Swami Lakshman Joo’s on the verse eighteen of chapter three of Utpaladeva’s Śivastotravalī (Utpaladeva 2008, 59–60): If you say: He exists, it means you reject His non-existent nature. But Lord Śiva according to Kashmir Śaivism is both existent and non-existent because of the complete embodiment of Lord Śiva, as He is complete as well as incomplete. The one who is only complete and not incomplete, is not complete; he is incomplete because the state of incompleteness is not there. When incompleteness and completeness both exist; that is the complete state; that is the full state. That is Mahasat. You are above this existent and non-existent. That is why You are both existing as well as non-existing.  Rubedo is the final process of the magnum opus meaning reddening, purpling, or iosis. Previous steps include nigredo (Lat. “spiritual death”), albedo (Lat. “purification”), and citrinitas (Lat. “awakening”).  See Bäumer (2021, 57, 153, 169): Again, by the same path, filling the heart (with energy) – punarapurya tenaiva margena hrdayantaram, by merely entering into it he should meditate upon the elixir obtained (therein) – dhyayellabdham rasayanam. Having attained the experience of repose – visramanubhavam prapya, and from that full satisfaction found in the Heart, another action starts spontaneously: From the fullness of the elixir filling the Heart the yogi moves from interiorization to pouring out the blissful nectar everywhere – sarvam tadamrtam vegat-sarvatraiva virecayet.  The “mastery over dream state” is called svapna-svantantrya, which means that one dreams only whatever one wishes to dream according to one’s choice and not according to the choice of the niyati sakti of Lord Śiva. When one remains aware in “deep sleep” (Sa. susupti) state also, this “awareness” is called vijnanakala (Lakshman Joo 2008, 63).