VOLUME 7 ISSUE 2 FALL 2021

S p i r i t ua l i t y S t u d i e s 7 - 2 Fa l l 2 0 2 1 6 1 Mária Dědová 1 Introduction The current coping models suggest that inadequate adapta- tion following a traumatic experience is a result of a discrep - ancy between demanding events associated with stress and the meaning-making system. There are two different aspects of the meaning-making process – global and situational (Park 2010 in Currier, Holland and Malott, 231). The global mean- ing relates to the essential believes (values, goals, and the subjective meaning of a person) – all these functions togeth - er bring safety and meaning to life. The situational meaning largely refers to the way a person assesses specific events. The extent of a posttraumatic symptomatology corresponds to the extent in which traumatic events disrupted certain di- mensions of the global meaning. A higher level of self-efficacy and dispositional optimism contribute to better acceptance of cancer (Rzonca et al . 2018, 2484). Optimism is more or less related to a flexible use of adaptation strategies of coping with stress in terms of stress- or controllability rather than to rigid coping strategy models (Solberg Nes and Segerstrom 2006). The cancer diagnosis associated with patient’s dispositional pessimism and situ - About the authors Doc. PhDr. Mária Dědová, PhD. , is an Associate Pro- fessor of psychology with special research interests in bullying and aggression at schools as well as logotheory and logotherapy of Victor Emil Frankl. Her email contact is maria.dedova@truni.sk. Mgr. Gabriel Baník, Ph.D. , is an Assistant Professor of psychology at the Institute of Psychology of Univer- sity of Prešov and researcher specialized in mental health area with particular interest in research of trauma, stress, depression, and anxiety. His email con- tact is gabriel.banik@unipo.sk.

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