4 8 S p i r i t ua l i t y S t u d i e s 7 - 1 S p r i n g 2 0 2 1 Vanity of Vanities in the Context of the Spirituality of Augustine of Hippo Received February 24, 2021 Revised March 19, 2021 Accepted March 20, 2021 Study provides hermeneutics of the topic vanity of vanities in the work of early North African Christian writer Augustine of Hippo (354–430) based primarily on original Latin sources. The very notion of vanity comes from the biblical book Ecclesiastes; however, it also occurs in non-Christian textual traditions. The proposed hermeneutics is therefore aiming at promoting inter-religious and inter-spiritual dialogue. The content analysis of Augustine’s views on the matter is conducted on both historical and theological backgrounds of the Augustine’s times of the fourth and fifths centuries AD. Key words Augustinian spirituality, Augustine of Hippo, vanity of vanities Miloš Lichner Marianna Hamarová