Volume 5 Issue 2 FALL 2019

1 2 S p i r i t ua l i t y S t u d i e s 5 - 2 Fa l l 2 0 1 9 “Ethics of Three Persons” and Transcendence Received September 17, 2019 Revised September 30, 2019 Accepted October 1, 2019 The author of the paper points out the reducing manner of Kantian division of morality to heteronomous morality and autonomous morality , which is projected also to the advanced reduced dichotomous division of psychological and pedagogical theories of moral education to individual-progressivist and normative-cognitivist ones. Insufficiency of “two ethics” is criticized using three-fold argumentation: a philosophical, a psychological and a pedagogical one. Instead of “two ethics”, a perspective of the “first person”, “third person” and “second person” is suggested, which enables the author to highlight a dialogical model of the “second-person ethics” against the monological models of the first two types. At the same time, necessity of the transcendental dimension for conceiving morality based on respect to the Other in the midst of a community is justified. The thought-line followed by the author in the submitted study is based mainly on the field of ethics, however, it continually refers to psychological and pedagogical aspects of the researched topic. A conclusion is reached that not the binary approach, but the integral approach to man and their education enables maintaining respect to transcendence and vice versa, openness to transcendence secures conditions for a holistic formation of man. Key words Ethics, moral education, transcendence, ethics of dialogue, virtue ethics Andrej Rajský